Genital reconstructive surgery refers to surgery performed on the genital-surgerygenitalia of infants, children, or adults for the purpose of correcting birth defects or other anatomic abnormalities, or for the purpose of transforming normal genitalia of one sex into genitalia resembling the other sex.

Reconstructive surgery to correct abnormalities of the genitalia is often performed in infancy, but may be performed at any age.